Pension-International Social Security Agreement
The social security agreement is an agreement for bilateral adjustments of insurance systems to be participated in for the purpose of avoidance of a double burden of insurance premiums (avoidance of double participation). Under the agreement, in order to avoid a failure to receive benefits from insurance premiums already paid, the period of participation in the Japanese pension system will be treated as a period deemed to be a period of participation in the pension system of a country with which Japan has executed such agreement, and the pension of that country can be received. As of March 2012, the status of entry into force of the social security agreements is as follows. Japan has executed social security agreements with 14 countries, and the “Avoidance of Double Burden of Insurance Premiums” and the “Total of Periods of Participation in Pension Systems” only take effect between Japan and any such country. In order to continue participating only in the social security system of the agreement partner country, and to be exempted from the application of the Japanese social security system, all of the following requirements must be met.